A surgical procedure that permanently connects two or more vertebrae in the spine, eliminating motion between them. Spinal Fusion involves techniques designed to mimic the normal healing process of broken bones. During spinal fusion bone or a bonelike materials are placed within the space between two spinal vertebrae. Metal plates, screws and rods are used to hold the vertebrae together, so they can heal into one solid unit.
Disc herniation is a disease wich can affect patients of any age. It may result secondary of trauma, from injuries to the spine, different accidents or, in some cases, there isn’t an identified cause ( in this case the disease is know as idiopathic disc herniation).
A herniated disc consists of tiny tears or cracks in the outer layer (annulus or capsule) of the disc. The jellylike material inside the disc (nucleus) may be forced out through the tears or cracks in the capsule, which causes the disc to bulge, break open (rupture), or break into fragments. This is causing severe and constant pain. The disc hernia can lead to a root compression provoking a quality of life degradation.
Vertebroplasty is a pain treatment for vertebral compression fractures that fail to respond to conventional medical therapy, such as minimal or no pain relief with analgesics or narcotic doses that are intolerable. A compression fracture occurs when pressure on a vertebra causes it to break or crack, often because of osteoporosis. Compression fractures are often extremely painful, and can cause abnormal spine curvature that leads to other serious health problems.
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The decrease in postsurgical nasal edema following rhinoplasty was found to be highly accurate using three-dimensional morphometric assessment, according to a study in the December edition of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.